Manage staff redundancies

Work out redundancy pay

You must pay redundancy to employees who have:

  • an employment contract
  • worked for 2 full years 
During the coronavirus pandemic, employees have the same redundancy rights, including redundancy pay.

Those in the following types of work do not qualify for redundancy pay:

  • armed forces
  • crown servants
  • domestic service, where they’re a member of the employer’s immediate family
  • police
  • share fishing
  • apprentices who are not employees at the end of their training

How to calculate redundancy pay

You must pay at least the statutory amount to your employees.

Use the GOV.UK redundancy pay calculator to work out an employee's statutory redundancy pay.

How much redundancy pay each employee gets depends on their age and how long they've worked for you. It's capped at 20 years – working backwards from the date you made them redundant. You must pay:

  • 1.5 weeks pay for each year of work after their 41st birthday
  • 1 week pay for each year of work after their 22nd birthday
  • half a week for each year of work before their 22nd birthday

The limit for weekly pay is £538. The maximum total amount of statutory redundancy pay is £16,140.

You should check your employment contracts as you might need to pay more than the statutory amount.

You can choose to pay higher amounts if you want to encourage voluntary redundancies.

If your employee's pay changes from week to week

Calculate the average weekly pay for the previous 12 weeks from the date you made them redundant.

If they did not work for a whole week during that time – for example they were on holiday or off sick – replace it with an earlier week.

You must share in writing with employees how you’ve calculated redundancy payments.

When you must pay redundancy

You should pay redundancy no later than an employee’s final pay day. You can pay later than this if you both agree another date in writing.

You should clearly communicate when and how the payment will be made. For example, let employees know if payments will be included in their monthly pay or as separate payments.

If you do not pay an employee on time, they might be able to make a claim to an employment tribunal.

If you cannot afford to pay redundancy

If making redundancy payments puts your business at risk you can ask the Redundancy Payments Service (RPS) for financial help. 

If you're insolvent you can get RPS to make your redundancy payments and recover the debt from your assets.

Find out how to get financial help from the Redundancy Payments Service.