How your employer must consult you
If you're an employee affected by redundancies, by law your employer must consult you. This is even if you're not at risk of redundancy yourself.
You'll usually have a face-to-face meeting with your manager or the person leading the redundancy changes. The meeting can take place over the phone if you both agree to it and there is a clear need, for example if you work remotely.
By law they must meet you at least once. They might need to meet you more than once to make sure they can respond to your suggestions or requests.
What to discuss at the consultation
The consultation is a chance for your employer to talk about the changes they're planning and why you're at risk of redundancy.
You could discuss:
- ways to avoid or reduce redundancies
- how people will be selected for redundancy
- any issues you have with the process
- time off to look for a new job or training
- how the business or organisation can restructure or plan for the future
What your employer must do
Your employer does not have to make the changes you suggest. They do need to show that they've listened to you, considered your ideas and tried to come to an agreement.
You can appeal against redundancy if you believe your employer has not consulted you fairly.
If your employer is making more than 20 people redundant at the same workplace within 90 days, it's known as a 'collective redundancy'. There are set rules for collective redundancies which your employer must follow.
Who your employer must consult
Your employer must consult staff representatives as well as talk to you individually.
If there’s a recognised trade union, your employer must consult trade union representatives.
If there is no recognised trade union, your employer must consult employee representatives. There could be an agreement in place which means your representatives could be from an existing group that has a remit to consult with the affected employees. For example, there may be an information and consultation agreement. If there is not an existing group, your employer must arrange an election to elect employee representatives.
You have the right to vote for employee representatives or stand for election if you’re affected by the redundancy.
What the consultation involves
During the consultation your employer must let you know in writing:
- why they need to make redundancies
- which jobs are at risk
- the number of people who could be involved
- how they will select employees for redundancy
- how they plan to carry out redundancies
- how they will calculate redundancy pay
- details of any agency workers they’re using
The role of trade union or employee representatives
Trade union or employee representatives represent you in the consultation with your employer.
They do this by:
- telling you about the redundancy proposals and sharing information
- asking you for your views, suggestions and any questions you may have
- talking to other representatives and working out a collective staff response
- meeting with your employer to discuss the staff response
- engaging in open discussions to solve problems and reach agreements
- telling you the outcome of the consultation