How your employer must consult
If there are 20 or more employees affected by redundancies, your employer must hold collective consultation.
If there are fewer than 20 employees affected by redundancies, your employer should consult with you individually.
Check your employment contract as it might include additional consultation rights.
If you have any questions about redundancy consultations, you can contact the Acas helpline.
What to discuss at the consultation
The consultation is a chance for your employer to talk about the changes they're planning and why you're at risk of redundancy.
You can ask them questions and make suggestions on how redundancies could be reduced or avoided altogether.
You could discuss:
- ways to avoid or reduce redundancies
- how people will be selected for redundancy
- any issues you have with the process
- time off to look for a new job or training
- how the organisation can restructure or plan for the future
What your employer must do
Your employer must hold a genuine and meaningful consultation with you. This means they must:
- listen to your ideas
- try to come to an agreement with you
They do not have to agree to any ideas you suggest, but they should seriously consider them.
If there are 20 or more redundancies
By law, employers must hold collective consultation where all of the following apply:
- they're planning 20 or more redundancies
- the redundancies are in one establishment – not necessarily in the organisation as a whole, which may be much larger
- they plan to make the redundancies within 90 days
Employers should also consult with employees individually.
Your employer must also consult:
- recognised trade union representatives
- employee representatives, if there's no recognised trade union
If employee representatives are needed
There may be employee representatives already in place as part of an information and consultation agreement, for example.
If there are no employee representatives in place, your employer must arrange to elect them. If you're affected by the redundancy, you have the right to vote for employee representatives or stand for election yourself.
What happens in collective consultation
In a collective consultation, your employer must tell you in writing:
- why they need to make redundancies
- which jobs are at risk
- the number of roles affected
- how they plan to select employees for redundancy
- how they plan to carry out redundancies
- how they'll calculate redundancy pay
- details of any agency workers they’re using
What trade union or employee representatives can do
Trade union or employee representatives represent you in the collective consultation with your employer.
They do this by:
- telling you about the redundancy proposals and sharing information
- asking you for your views, suggestions and any questions you may have
- talking to other representatives and working out a collective staff response
- meeting with your employer to discuss the staff response
- engaging in open discussions to solve problems and reach agreements
- telling you the outcome of the consultation